Graffiti artists can be regarded as street artists who make graffiti on walls that use the composition of colors, lines, shapes, and volumes to write certain words, symbols, or sentences.
Graffiti itself is often encountered on the walls of buildings, train cars, tunnels and other corners of the city. Usually graffiti artists use can spray paint in making their work. Starting from simple graffiti to big and complicated.
Well, do you know who are the world-famous graffiti artists with their legendary graffiti images? Here’s the review.
This man from Bulgaria is always having fun by making cool graffiti writing. He wants people to be able to see the results of their graffiti work and feel their joy.
With his ability in the field of social media marketing, product development and how to maintain privacy, success made Boris become famous. Many even dubbed Boris the king of the internet.
The works of Boris are generally in the form of colorful writing that can be found on the walls of the building, the train body and also the shop’s metal door.
2. Utah & Ether
This couple or duo of graffiti artists poured their works on train cars since the early 2000s. They started from cities in the United States and then ventured into other cities.
The reason was not explained, but both were arrested when they returned home from a trip to Europe in 2009. The story of Utah and Ether attracted the attention of social media who later referred to them as “The Bonnie & Clyde of Graffiti”.
With a career as a graffiti artist for 30 years known on several continents, Egs had a great influence on graffiti styles in Europe. His expertise in this field has inspired many young artists.
Hailing from Helsinki, Egs was one of the early members of the InterRail movement where artists traveled across the city. They aim to explore new cities and find other friends together to paint on trains and walls.
4. Moses & Taps
This graffiti duo is quite famous in Europe because of their distinctive concept. both of them are increasingly popular with the release of a book called International Top Sprayer which tells about their mission to paint 1,000 sets of train cars in 1,000 days.
Taps and Moses managed to reach the mission which is considered a rare achievement by the current standard. You could say it was their best graffiti art.
His unique style of reminding others of the beginnings of cartoon art and his dedication to street painting in Paris, Horfe successfully gained recognition from other artists. In recent years he has traveled to various other painting media including tattoos, acrylics and animation.
Saber has opened exhibitions and collaborated with many different artists including the MSK and the Seventh Letter collective arts. Saber’s solo performance at the Opera in New York was visited by many people and was a huge success with the end of tickets sold.
7. Os Gemeos
This twin brother from Sao Paolo started painting since the late 1980s when hip-hop culture was exploding in South American cities. They are famous for their yellow character portraying Brazilians and their culture.
They have also been asked to paint several large-scale murals in their hometown and in other countries.
Over the past few decades there has been a dramatic increase in the number of talented artists making a good impression on society, namely street art.
It’s not an easy thing to create a scene and something that stands out in a street art or a picture on the street in a short time.
However, these 7 artists have succeeded in doing this right. The following are some of the big names on the street art scene now.
1. Roa : Ghent Belgium
This Belgian street artist specializes in making pictures with portraits of local animals in unique and different ways. He uses a limited color palette and generally with large format. The picture above is one of his works created in collaboration with street artists from Argentina.
2. Natalia Rak: Polandia
Natalia is a Polish artist, she graduated with the degree of Fine Art from Lodz, and has made quite a lot of impressions in the world of street art over the past few years. Some of his murals explore female figures in a colorful dream environment.
3. INTI: Valparaíso, Chili
One of the big names in the Latin American street art scene, CORE comes from Chile and the mural is now world-famous. He integrates local elements into real characters that are so smooth by creating a very personal style. Some people claim that INTI is a modern artist, no longer at the level of street artists because it is seen from some of his extraordinary works.
4. NEVERCREW: Lugano, Swiss
Christian REBECCHI and Pablo Togni formed the Swiss street art duo. Some of his works are like whales with bright colors and further highlight the dream world.
5. Mentalgassi: Berlin, Jerman
This artist is from Berlin, where he specializes in large-scale human photography. You might think there is nothing new with this kind of work, but the Mentalgassi has succeeded in putting originality in public places.
6. Eduardo Kobra: Sao Paulo, Brazil
This Brazilian artist has a unique characteristic in his works. Like photo-realistic murals, with geometric patterns and the use of colors that are many common elements of the mural. Cobra intended his work to be a window into the past, so he usually did a good amount of research before starting the mural.
7. Hopare: Paris, Prancis
Giant portraits combined with abstract elements with the use of colors that are so alive. The French artist is a nickname or designation of the people there to him.
The painter is someone who creates 2-dimensional artwork in the form of paintings. Not only in Indonesia, but in this world there are a lot of names of famous painters. Their works are able to inspire many people and create deep admiration. The following article will discuss who are the painters whose names are well known in the world today. Here is a list of the 10 most famous painters of all time.
Titian painter is one of the most famous painters of all time whose paintings are able to invite admiration from many people. Titian used to paint things that were worldly, sexual and mythological. Each painting seems to give a message of excitement in an erotic painting.
One of his most famous works is called Venus of Urbino. Venus of Urbino is a painting depicting the goddess Venus. In this painting, Titian depicts a woman who is not dressed in a chair.
2. Paul Cezanne
“Cezanne is the father of us all“, that’s the words given to give appreciation for the artwork that has been produced from Paul Cezanne’s brush strokes. When Cezanne became known as an impressionist painter, Cezanne left the painter group and began to develop her own style of painting.
The painting style introduced by Cezanne was truly a new and unusual style of painting. This is what opened the door to the arrival of the flow of painting of Cubism in the 20th century. Throughout his career as a famous painter, the most memorable work was Mont Sainte-Victoire seen from Bellevue.
Michelangelo is known by the world as a famous sculptor, painter and architect. The name Michelangelo is often compared with the names of several other famous painters such as Raphael, Leonardo Da Vinci and Massacio. Although included as one of the most famous painters in the world, Michelangelo called himself a sculptor.
Michelangelo’s biggest work is an illustration of the biblical story found on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in Vatican. His work is based on one chapter in the Bible of Genesis. Where the book of Genesis is a book that tells how the world and humans were first created.
4. Leonardo Da Vinci
Surely you know the Monalisa paintings right? The Monalisa painting was made by a famous Italian painter named Leonardo Da Vinci. Not only known as a painter, Da Vinci was also a sculptor, architect, engineer, mathematician and scientist. Many things can be done by him to make him dubbed as ‘Universal Genius’.
During his entire life as a painter, 1452-1519, Da Vinci was known through his beautiful works. In this world, there are 4 known works such as the one we know is Monalisa, other paintings include The Last Supper, The Vitruvian Man, and Lady with An Ermine.
5. Pablo Picasso
This is the most famous painter in the world, Pablo Picasso. Is a Spanish painter, a follower of the modern Cubist. His work has been recognized by the world as a work that is second to none. Every stroke of his brush can always amaze many people. The results of his work also have a very high value.
There are 3 works from Picasso which are world-famous including Les Demoiselles d’Avignon, Guernica, and The Weeping woman.
Tommaso Masaccio, that’s the full name of this famous Italian painter. His name might not be as famous as other painters like Leonardo Da vinci, Raphael or Michelangelo. Masaccio is one of the painters who uses the law of scientific perspective in every work of art he makes.
Masaccio died at a very young age of 26 when he was working on Brancacci Chapel Frescoes of The Life os St. Peter. But even though Masaccio died at a young age, there are 3 famous paintings in the world namely Brancacci Chapel, Pisa Altarpiece, and Holy Trinity.
7. Vincent Van Gogh
1853-1890 was the year in which the famous Dutch painter lived, Vincent Van Gogh. There is no one in the world who does not know his name. In the art world Van Gogh was known as a famous painter with impressionistism. His art work was known as one of the inspirations of painters in the 20th century.
As an impressionist painter, there are 3 Van Gogh artworks that are very well known in the world. The three paintings are Sunflowers, The Starry Night, and Cafe Terrace at Night.
If a painting can speak, maybe we will be entertained to hear the story of the behavior of people who stand looking at it with a million opinions or pose in front of them to add to the aesthetics of their Instagram feeds. Painting, like other works of art, comes from the most personal part of the creator of the work that once thrown into the public must volunteer to be “stripped naked” by the opinions and perceptions of those who see it. Everyone feels entitled to have an opinion on a painting. There are those who appreciate it with a background of knowledge, but not infrequently it also sounds chirpy “What do you mean by this?”, “Like a painting of a small child”, “Aah, if it’s just like this I can make it,” and other degrading remarks.
Not intending to signal, Cosmo would have been happy to see that the access of art exhibitions had become more open and unlimited in certain circles. Art exhibitions have become a part of today’s lifestyle, especially in big cities. The indicator is an increasingly plural art exhibition and the number of visitors who are busy coming to it. There are those who really want to enjoy art, there are also those who might just appreciate it by taking pictures in front of the work. Whatever the reason, art should indeed be enjoyed by anyone regardless of their background. However, it will certainly feel more pleasant if you at least know the basic knowledge about the flow of painting that you see. Therefore, in order to welcome the launch of Art Jakarta 2018, Cosmo wants to give a kind of crash course about the most common flow of painting. Calculating can be a new knowledge for you before coming to the next art exhibition, enjoy!
Painting in the beginning was a human effort to document what he saw in other mediums, long before the art of photography was known. Realism or often referred to as naturalism is the flow of painting whose main focus is to describe an object as it is, according to reality, without additional artificial elements or artistic exploration. The tendency of this flow is to imitate the shape of the object as closely as possible to the original. From abroad we know names such as Gustave Courbet, Edouard Manet, and Isaac Levitan, while in domestic famous realist painters are Raden Saleh and Basuki Abdullah. In its development, the emergence of photorealism flow, namely the flow of paintings that try to look realistic as possible as a photo that later developed into pop art, as well as hyperrealism.
Like punk music, the flow of impressionism was born as a form of resistance to the standard, especially in the academic rules of painting which were obsessed with detail and emphasized contours, volumes, and lines. Instead of painting in a studio, impressionist artists will bring their canvas outdoors and paint in the open (en plein air). For them the most important thing is the impression of one moment and light reflected by the object with emphasis on color, not form. The result is a painting that looks more dynamic, honest, as it is, and feels more personal. The hallmark of Impressionism works was originally paintings depicting beautiful landscapes and daily life in bright colors. Like anything against the grip, this school had been blasphemed and even refused to take part in the prestigious painting exhibition of the time, Salon de Paris, which was still rigid in the standard of painting which had to be as close as possible to its object. As a form of resistance, impressionist painters held their own exhibitions under the name Salon des Refuses, which were endorsed by Emperor Napoleon III so that the public could self-assess these works. With the spirit of resistance, impressionism became the forerunner of other streams of modern painting such as Post-Impressionism, Fauvism, and Cubism. Some of the most famous impressionist painters include Monet, Auguste Rodin, Renoir, and Zaini.
Hearing the word “surreal” that comes to pass is something that is considered strange, unusual, unique, and like a dream. So even with surrealism-style paintings. An example is “The Persistence of Memory”, an oil painting by Salvador Dali that shows a picture of a few hours that looks melted in a desert. Many surrealist painters argue that their work is a material embodiment of philosophical thinking that came to their minds. The melting clock in Dali’s painting is associated with the theory of time and space that is “liquid”. The flow of surrealism itself originated from a cultural movement in the early 1920s with strange visual characteristics, surprising, and tended to fight reality or combine it with elements of fantasy. For some artists, surrealism that developed in the era of World War I was also a form of resistance affected by politics, social theory, and philosophy. Besides Dali, other well-known surrealist artists are Rene Magritte, Joan Miro, and from within our country we recognize the name Roby Dwi Antono whose work is closely related to the image of surrealism.
Being part of the flow of modern painting, expressionism that emerged in early 20th century Germany was a painting that emphasized the emotional effects of the eyes of the painter. Things that want to be lifted from this stream are ideas, moods, and emotional experiences that often ignore reality. The key word is emotion, so most of his works tend to be angsty. The most famous example is “The Scream” by Edvard Munch, “Large Blue Horses” by Franz Marc, and Affandi’s works.
Developed by Georges Seurat and Paul Signac in 1886, pointilism which is a derivative of impressionism is a technique of painting an object using dots. Using point variations with various scales and colors, painters play with a perspective where the object of the painting will be clearly visible when viewed from a distance and increasingly diffuse when viewed from a short distance. Besides Seurat and Signac, other well-known pointillism painters were Georges Lemmen, Henri-Edmond Cross, and Camille Pissarro.
The flow of cubism is easily recognizable because of its characteristic features of geometric shapes such as cubes, triangles, circles, etc. with a color game that is very perspective. This flow was developed by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque and is often seen as a mixture of impressionism and abstractionism. In addition to outside artists such as Juan Gris, Gino Severini, and Albert Gleizes, we also know local cubism artists such as Mochtar Apin and Fajar Sidik.
Graffiti (also spelled graffity or graffiti) is graffiti on the wall that uses the composition of colors, lines, shapes, and volumes to write certain words, symbols, or sentences. Today’s tools are usually can spray paint. Before spray paint is available, graffiti is generally made with brush strokes using a brush or chalk. Remember, the writing uses the letter F, not P, it will become grappiti.
HISTORY OF GRAVITY
The habits of painting on walls starts from primitive humans as a way of communicating hunting. At this time, graffiti was used as a means of mysticism and spirituality to arouse the spirit of hunting.
The existence of social classes that are too far apart creates difficulties for certain groups of people to express their artistic activities. As a result, some individuals use facilities that are almost available in all cities, namely walls.
cool graffiti, graffiti photos, graffiti Graffiti as a means of showing dissatisfaction only began in Roman times with evidence of insinuations of painting on the walls of the building. This painting was found in the ruins of the city of Pompeii. While in Rome itself was used as a propaganda tool to discredit Christians who at that time were forbidden by the emperor. In ancient Egypt, it also showed the activity of painting on the walls of the pyramid. This painting communicates another realm that a pharaoh (Pharaoh) encounters after mummification.
Development OF GRAVITY
graffiti around the 70s in America and Europe finally penetrated into urban areas as a group identity that mushroomed in urban areas. Because of its poor image, graffiti has become a scourge for city security. The reason is because it is considered to provoke war between groups or gangs. Besides being done on empty walls, graffiti is often made on the walls of subways.
Graffiti is divided into 2, namely Gang Graffiti and Graffiti Tagging. The Graffiti Alley serves as an identification of the territory through writing alley names, joint aisles, gang members, or writing about what happened inside the alley. While Graffiti Tagging is a type of graffiti that is often used for the fame of a person or group. The more this type of graffiti is scattered, the more famous the name of the maker.
mural according to language, the mural comes from the Latin language, namely from the word “Murus” which means wall. Broadly speaking, the definition of mural is drawing or painting on wall, wall or other broad media that is permanent.
Well, from the meaning of murals or the meaning of the mural above, is it enough to enlighten what the real mural is? So, any painting or picture made on permanent media such as floors, tables, ceilings is also included in the mural.
HISTORY OF MURAL ART
Murals actually existed since ancient times. Even if viewed from the history of murals, murals have been around since 31,500 years ago, precisely in prehistoric times.
At that time there was a painting depicting a cave in Lascaux, namely the South of France. Murals made in prehistoric times use fruit juice as watercolor (because there was no paint in prehistory).
In prehistoric times, the country that had the most wall paintings or murals was none other than France. One of the most famous murals or frescoes at that time was the mural by Pablo Picasso.
Pablo Picasso made a mural called Guernica or Guernica y Luno. This mural was made at the time of the occurrence of the civil war in Spain in 1937.
The purpose of this mural was to commemorate the bombing by the German army in a small village where most of them were Spanish people.
Development OF Mural ART
If in the past the mural was only a form of expression, criticizing social problems through pictures and writings on street walls, sidewalks, murals are now a “sweet business of painting“.
You can see now, mural is one of the choices to beautify the interior. Even the mural is also the main attraction as an interesting photo spot.
Not surprisingly, there are now so many cafes, restaurants, hotels, apartments and houses that use wall paintings or murals as Point of View from a room.
Mural becomes an attraction for visitors to come to the cafe or restaurant. Murals are made to suit your tastes, the cafe / restaurant concept itself to become an indirect branding medium.
Illustrations are images that clarify ideas from stories or narratives. The purpose of this illustration is to strengthen, clarify, beautify, reinforce and enrich the story and narration.
The function of this illustration image can be used to liven up the story. A good illustration is an illustration that can stimulate and help the reader to imagine about ceirta, illustrations really help to develop imagination in understanding the narrative.
Types of Illustration Images
Cartoon forms can be in the form of human or animal figures that contain humorous stories that are entertaining. Indonesia has several cartoon characters such as Petruk and Gareng by Tatang S. and so on.
Appearance of cartoon images can be seen in the form of black and white or colored.
Caricature images show a variety of exaggerated characters, unique funny, and sometimes contain criticism and satire. Objects from caricature images can be taken from human or animal figures.
The illustration image in the form of a comic consists of a series of images that complement each other and have a storyline. The form of comics can be in the form of books or comic strips.
4. Illustration of Literary Works
Literary works in the form of short stories, poems, poems and will look more attractive asking people to read when accompanied by illustrated images. The function of the illustration image here has the purpose to reinforce and reinforce the content or narration in the material.
As a filler of a story or narration, it can be inserted with an illustration image in the form of vignette. Vignette is a decorative illustration that functions as an empty filler in narrative paper.
There are two ways of projecting objects, namely parallel projections and central projections, where I have discussed in the article “2 Ways to Project Objects or Objects“. In this discussion we will review the definition of projections and the types of projection techniques based on the position and method. Here are our brief, clear and straightforward reviews.
According to Luzadder, the notion of projection techniques or drawing images is often called orthographic images, namely the projection of two or more faces to explain objects carefully in their shape and size. This projection technique image requires careful imagination. Because of this, this image is often used by reliable engineers, drawers, and contractors, because they know more about graphic images.
Projection Technique :
Image projection techniques can be divided into 4 types, namely :
1. Projection perspective (Scenographic)
In perspective projection, the projection line (visual radial line) meets in a point (convergent). It is as if we are staring at a projected image on a translucent paper, where the image is the same shape as the real object behind the transparent paper. The size of the image depends on how far the observer is with the actual object. Consider the following picture.
In this way, some argue that this perspective projection is not properly used for a working picture, because it is considered not to provide a definite measure. Therefore, the projection image is more often used as an introduction to an initial sketch.
2. Parallel Projection (Orthographic)
This projection has similarities with perspective projections. However, in looking at images and real objects that are behind them in a parallel position, so that it looks like the size. Consider the following picture.
3. One-field projection (Inclined Projection)
Projection of one field is a way to see some changes or inclinations (intentionally done) of object projectors in the image plane. This projection is a special type of orthographic projection known as the axonometric projection form. Consider the following picture.
In addition to the form of axonometrics, the projection of one field is also known as oblique projection. At first glance it looks similar or parallel like an axonometric projection, but the sloping projection forms take another angle of 900 with the projection plane so that the results seen in the image area will look different, depending on which angle we see or depend on the angle the projector is made with projection field. More details, note the following picture.
4. First corner projection and third angle
This projection is like arranging three glass pieces. Two glass pieces in a standing position cross like a + sign, and some with a horizontal position in the middle which will eventually divide up space and lower space.
Thus, four fields are formed which are distinguished as the first, second, third, and fourth angles. The lines that exactly form the intersection are called coordinate axes. The point of intersection is called the starting point. Consider the following picture.
In using the first angular projection and the third angle, what must be remembered is that with the angle however the object is placed, the observer looks at it from the front of the plane and from the top of the horizontal plane.
Drawing skills are things that can be trained continuously. If you intend to improve this expertise, then the thing that must be done is focus. The art of drawing faces with pencils is so popular among artists. So how do you draw a face using a pencil for those of you who are still beginners? Here are some tips and ways :
1. Use Enough Light
Lights that are too dim will make you miss the details of the pencil.
2. Cover hands with paper or tissue
Given that paper tends to get dirty and wet easily. So you have to be careful so that the drawing paper is not dirty with sweat.
3. Use a good pencil
Make sure if you use a good pencil so that every stroke will produce a good picture too.
4. Understand the character of the character drawn
After preparing everything, the steps you need to do of course are drawing. To be able to draw naturally with a pencil, you must understand the character of the character’s face to be made.
5. Sketch with just any thin lines
By sketching this experimental line, you can find the desired line of face shape.
6. Use facial anatomy literature
Look for literature about human anatomy or face that will be the subject of drawing. That way, the results of your image will look exactly like the subject being drawn.
7. Analyze the basic part of the image
How to Draw a Face Using the Last Pencil, you analyze the basic part of the image to reduce the parts that are considered unnecessary or add lines that are seen as important. If you can apply these methods, your drawing skills will increase.
These are tips and ways to improve drawing skills that you can practice.
Sketch drawing (whether it’s a sketch of a face or other objects) with stationery such as pencils and pencils is something we usually do if drawing is our hobby. Over time and the development of sketch drawing skills better also requires the right techniques so that the results of the sketch are also maximal.
For beginners who are still learning to sketch, “10 Sketching Tips for Beginners” this mimin sense will be enough to help you in sketching well. We immediately discuss one by one.
1. Avoid Graffiti or Pencil Stains
When drawing a sketch or making shading with a pencil or color pencil, use a paper or plastic mat (like the picture above) as your hand mat. This aims to minimize shading stains on the hands and contaminate other parts of the image. You don’t want it if your picture is full of pencil stains from the shading that sticks to your hands. It will greatly damage your image, especially if you want to make a sketch with a clean impression without unnecessary scribbling, it will be very frustrating.
2. Make Kriting Hair with Multiple Easy Lines
If the picture above is a tutorial if you want to draw a critical hair sketch that is okay. For beginners, you can practice the easy method above. The first is to make two straight lines which are conical at the end, then make a curve of the curvature like in the picture above. Follow the next steps and beautiful critical hair is ready. Please practice ok.
3. Don’t Smooth Everything, for Texture Effects
In sketching pictures with a pencil or coloring with colored pencils many of us will focus on smoothing everything so that the coloring looks smooth and even. But actually it was not recommended by some artists in the world. Smoothing is indeed a good way to get the impression of coloring and shading evenly, but some parts do not need to be flattened. You can leave it or you can add a few strokes or motives for texture. This texture will make you look more varied, not boring, and natural. Texture is usually applied to images such as land, trees, or other objects.
4. Create characters that are “easily recognizable” when in the form of a silhouette
Exercises like this are often carried out by western comic artists or animators. Look at the two pairs of images above. There is a picture of a character who both hold mugs. If a silhouette (or shadow image) is made, we will be able to more clearly say that the character’s first picture is holding a mug, while the second image is less clear. According to comic artists and western animators, this method is a powerful enough way to make “strong” characters (characteristics) and easily recognizable. Yes, although not all comic artists use this method, it is also quite convincing to try. The easy way is to redraw our character (or can be traced) then block it in black, then have the other person tell us what our character is doing. If it really means we are successful, hahaha it’s pretty cool to practice.
5. Make Your Sketch Balanced (Don’t Be Too Symmetrical)
What is meant by the balance of this method is that the composition of the image between left and right is sufficient and not too much on one side only. These tips are only one of the many ways that are available there to make our images balanced. The picture above for example, between the left and right side images are balanced even though the image components are not exactly the same. Thus the sketch looks more pleasing to the eye because the composition is balanced and right.